Appendix G: CCS activities in developing countries

Table G1 provides an illustrative list of CCS activities developing countries, as at August 2012.

TABLE G1 Illustrative list of CCS activities in developing countries

COUNTRY CCS ACTIVITIES
Algeria
  • CCS project in operation
Botswana
  • CCS workshops conducted, raising awareness
  • Study underway which includes:
    • Initial assessments on role and opportunity for CCS
    • Undertaking preliminary geologic assessment
Brazil
  • Centre of Excellence in CCS R&D has been established
  • Completed a Geographic Information System (GIS)-based database of CO2 sources and sinks
  • Pilot CO2 injection program underway
  • Reviewing and refining Brazilian Carbon Geological Sequestration Map (CARBMAP) program
China
  • CCS adopted as a key GHG mitigation technology in National Climate Change Program
  • Numerous domestic R&D initiatives
  • Efforts underway to assess and characterise CO2 storage capacity by Chinese Geological Survey
  • Several pilot projects, e.g. for CO2 capture and CO2 EOR
  • 11 large-scale integrated demonstration projects in the planning stages
Egypt
  • Study underway assessing potential for CCS in gas processing and power industry, identifying barriers and environmental impacts
India
  • Interest in CO2 capture for EOR field studies
  • Indian CCS Scoping Study
  • Proposed study to carry out a technical feasibility assessment to review and evaluate a range of capture technologies
Indonesia
  • Study being finalised on potential for CCS as part of South East Asia CCS Scoping Study, including opportunities for deployment and regulatory and economic analysis
  • Assessment of current CCS R&D activities and technical capacity of the domestic industry to provide support throughout the CCS chain
  • Workshops on developing a CCS Technology Roadmap
  • Preliminary studies on CCS and EOR
Jordan
  • Study underway assessing potential for CCS in oil shale development strategy and to identify and address legal, regulatory, and financial barriers
Kenya
  • Investigating possibility for high-level storage study
Kosovo
  • Study completed which covers:
    • Preliminary geologic potential
    • Capacity-building assessment including legal and regulatory requirements
  • Workshops and training on CCS technology
Mexico
  • CCS identified in Special Program on Climate Change and National Energy Strategy 2012–26
  • Country-level preliminary assessment of CO2 storage potential completed
  • Pilot projects being considered, including for CO2 capture with a focus on EOR
Maghreb
  • Study underway to assess the potential for carbon capture on projected and existing power plants in Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco and for CO2 geologic storage and transportation at a regional scale
Malaysia
  • CCS workshops conducted for raising awareness and discussing key issues
  • Scoping study completed on the long-term role for CCS, opportunities for near-term deployment, technical and financial feasibility, and next steps for further investigation
  • Capacity-building program developed and activities being implemented
Philippines
  • Study being finalised on potential for CCS as part of South East Asia CCS Scoping Study, including opportunities for deployment and regulatory and economic analysis
Saudi Arabia
  • Identified CCS as an appropriate low emission technology
  • Workshops and roundtables held and sponsored on CCS, including on monitoring and storage specifically, challenges and opportunities
  • Working towards a EOR-CCS project
South Africa
  • CCS identified as a priority in national White Paper on National Climate Change Response
  • South African Centre for CCS established
  • Storage Atlas complete; further basin-specific storage studies underway
  • Scoping study for test injection project being developed
  • Legal and regulatory review undertaken and further work commenced
Thailand
  • Study being finalised on potential for CCS as part of South East Asia CCS Scoping Study, including opportunities for deployment and regulatory and economic analysis
Trinidad and Tobago
  • CCS Scoping Study, including Legal and Regulatory Review
United Arab Emirates
  • Three industrial CCS projects in the planning stages (in the hydrogen, steel, and aluminum industries)
Vietnam
  • Study being finalised on potential for CCS as part of South East Asia CCS Scoping Study, including opportunities for deployment and regulatory and economic analysis