1.7 CCS research and development

1.7.1 What is the status of CCS research and development?

The study identified 357 different organisations for inclusion in the R&D Networks database. Figure 1-6 illustrates the regions to which the organisations belong and the type of R&D coverage being performed.

image

Figure 1-6 Number of organisations per region and type of R&D coverage performed

1.7.1 What is the status of CCS research and development?

The study identified 357 different organisations for inclusion in the R&D Networks database. Figure 1-6 illustrates the regions to which the organisations belong and the type of R&D coverage being performed.

Figure 1-6 Number of organisations per region and type of R&D coverage performed

In many cases, an organisation is involved in more than one R&D coverage area, and this is reflected in the preceding chart by counting them in their applicable R&D areas. Consequently, the total number of organisations in the table adds up to more than 357.

There are 357 different organisations in CCS R&D however coordination between them is limited

A number of observations were evident from examining the database of CCS R&D.

  • There are a significant number of R&D networks operating in the world which is encouraging. However, these activities do not appear to be coordinated.
  • All phases of CO2 capture, transport and storage require ongoing research and development funding.
  • A great majority of the CO2 capture R&D is focused on the power generation sector, particularly coal-fired power generation. Even within the coal fired power generation CO2 capture R&D efforts, the vast majority of the projects are focused on the early stages of R&D and have not yet reached the small pilot plant size.
  • Given the significant contribution that cement and iron and steel production makes to anthropogenic CO2 emissions, a disproportionately small R&D effort is focused on these industries.
  • Almost all R&D networks stated that significantly greater funding was required to progress R&D so that it can be commercialised.

Given the significant contribution that cement production makes to anthropogenic CO2 emissions, a disproportionately small R&D effort is focused on CO2 capture from cement production

1.7.2 Is each region displaying a commitment to pursuing R&D solutions?

No. In terms of geographic distribution, CCS R&D in East Asia (excluding Japan) lags the efforts undertaken by the EU and Americas. Although some networks have engaged several Indian and Chinese universities in R&D activities, additional collaboration between the East Asian networks and networks from Australia and New Zealand, the EU and Americas is needed to close this gap.

1.7.3 How many R&D organisations are networked?

About half. Approximately 55 percent of the entries were single-entity “networks” while 45 percent were formal, multi-entity collaborations. Opportunities for fostering greater networking among the many entities that are conducting CCS R&D worldwide without imposing a structure that could stifle independent creativity may reduce inefficiencies and coordinate global R&D efforts.

1.7.4 What role can R&D play in achieving the objective of launching 20 large scale CCS plants by 2010 for deployment by 2020?

Research and development in CCS technologies plays a vital role in developing innovations and advancements across the CCS process chain.

However, from a CCS project perspective, and having regard to the G8 objective of launching 20 projects by 2010, gaps in R&D will not hinder the achievement of this objective. While significant activities are occurring in R&D, by definition it involves pre-commercial innovations that will not be applied to those commercial scale projects that are launched in 2010.

R&D in CCS technologies plays a vital role in developing innovations but R&D gaps will not hinder the G8 objective of launching 20 projects by 2010

However, given the significant public awareness and acceptance issues being experienced by CCS projects, R&D networks could educate and inform industry and other CCS stakeholders on approaches to increasing public awareness and promoting public acceptance.

Commercial scale, integrated projects could inform R&D programs through collaborative partnerships which could benefit future CCS technology development.